The sustainable management of marine resources in Seychelles is the responsibility of the Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA) as stipulated in the Fisheries Act 1986. The SFA is therefore responsible for the preparation, implementation and review of management plans for the long-term sustainability and optimal utilization of marine resources. Management decisions are based on the economic viability, sustainability or conversations of stocks. The Fisheries Act makes provision for the management, conservation and protection of fisheries and marine resources. The current Fisheries Act is being reviewed a new one proposed to address several emerging issues in view of all the developments that have occurred over the past decades.

Fisheries Management is guided by the Fisheries Act whereby licensing of vessels is by far the most used regulatory measure, for almost all fisheries, in Seychelles. Precautionary approach is frequently adopted to ensure the sustainability of resources since the baseline data on the status of certain stocks is lacking. SFA is also gradually adopting the co-management approach to fisheries management which also forms part of the Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries (EAF), which is a Food and Agriculture (FAO) concept.

The Fisheries Management Unit's objectives include:

  • Prepare Policy papers with regards to fisheries management
  • Developing and implementing sustainable fisheries management plans
  • Ensuring that the fisheries resources are utilized according to principles of ecologically sustainable development
  • Minimising impact on non-targeted species and by-catch
  • Ensuring that regulations, measures and international obligations are met and adhered to by related fishing activities

Project Management

The project Unit is responsible for evaluation and approval of projects submitted to the Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA). Projects may include fishing and or fish processing businesses which require the appraisal of the Project Unit.

The main duties of the project unit are;

  • Evaluation of projects submitted to the SFA
  • Establishing and maintaining contact with project implementer and other relevant agencies
  • Provide fisheries specific advice and guidance to project implementer and other relevant agencies
  • Facilitate project implementation and management for projects that are financed through SFA and/or partner funding
  • Seek funding for sectorial development projects

The Project Unit is also responsible for infrastructure development and maintenance for the fishing industry. These developments include construction of quays, ice plants, to support the growth of pre - and post-harvest fishing activities. Assistance is provided by major donors such as the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Overseas Fishery Cooperation Foundation (OFCF) and the European Union (EU). Port infrastructure is essential in supporting the growth of the fisheries sector as it provides essential access point and services that are required by fishing vessels and fishermen.

The main objectives of the Unit for infrastructure development include;

  • Developing modern fishing ports and quays to support future growth of the fisheries sector
  • Ensuring optimum usage of fishing ports and revenue generations for fishing port activities
  • Adopting new technologies and practices to improve port services to the fisheries sector

The functions of the Unit for infrastructure development are;

  • Secure appropriate land and funding for port development
  • Develop and implement port infrastructure plans
  • Ensure that fishing ports have adequately maintained services
  • Manage and administrate fishing ports and associated services

 

Fisheries Development

Ile du Port Zone 14

The agreement to construct the Turn Quay to service the industrial fishing fleet was signed in the third quarter of 2012. The project consists of a 120 meters long quay with 9.5 meters draft at average chart datum. The turn quay when completed in 2013 will cost a little over SR50 millions. The contractor for the project is Vijay Construction and the consultant Charles Pool Associates. When completed the quay facility will allow the existing and the new generation of industrial purse seiners to berth for services such as net working, fuel and fresh water bunkering and also for ships' victuals etc. No doubt such facility will help in alleviating congestion during peak fishing period, improve ships turnabout time thus making Port Victoria more competitive regionally. The project is funded under the EU Sectoral programs.

Providence Fishing Port Zone 6

Zone 6 quay facilities: The quay length which measures 100 meters serviced 47 fishing boats on average weekly for loading ice, unloading catch and boat moorings. The fleet that were serviced make up of 4 longliners, 36 schooners and seven whalers.

Fuel Bunker Facility: Construction work on the new fuel bunker facility was completed in the fourth quarter of 2013. Completion work was delayed by almost one year due to the uplifting of the fuel tank concrete chamber. At the facility when commissioned diesel and kerosene will be sold to fishermen. In other words, fishermen from south east and south Mahe will be able to purchase their fuel supplies at the station. This will inevitably assist those fishermen using the pump to cut transportation costs, important fishing times and less hardship. The operating hours will be communicated at a later stage. With the provision of this fuel station the Seychelles Fishing Authority will manage and operate two such facilities, one at Zone 6 and the other one at one Victoria.

Processing Building Facility: The principal aim of the project will be to provide to aspiring fish processors to add value to fish products. Once completed, the facility will provide three main building components consisting of nine units. Each unit measures 400 square meters. Commissioning of the facility is planned for early 2014. And again the project is funded under the EU fisheries sectorial Programmes.

Land Sub Division Zone 6: Survey works to sub divide several plots to land at Zone 6 were undertaken during the year. The task when completed and approved by the Planning Authority will allow the Seychelles Fishing Authority to lease land to serious fishing companies/processors to further develop the fisheries and aquaculture sectors.

Bel Ombre Fisheries Development Project

The second phase of the fisheries development project for Bel Ombre comprises of two processing buildings; one gear store for fishermen and the other a fuel bunkering facility which was submitted to the Planning Authority for approval. The processing building will be leased out to fish processors. The gear store will be used to secure fishing gears and tackles for fishermen while the bunker facility will provide fuel and water supplies. Should everything go to plan we will soon see the start of the construction work. When completed no doubt these developments will be boost for the artisanal and semi industrial fishing sector for the Northern Mahe Region.

Victoria Quay Facility

The Overall length of the quay is 350 meters long with water draft alongside 3.5 meters. The facility stretches from Oceana Fisheries Ltd. to the STC boundary wall. During the course of 2012, 152 fishing boats used the facility weekly for loading of ice, unloading fish and mooring. Fishing boats which were serviced comprised of longliners, schooners and whalers.

Ice Plants

In 2012 the Seychelles Fishing Authority managed and operated five ice plants in total. Their daily production capacities are as follows; Baie St Anne Praslin 4 tons, Anse a La Mouche 2 tons, Anse Royale 5 tons and Zone 6 10 tons. The cost of utilities to produce one kilo of ice is one rupee and fishermen paid only 60 cents for a kilo.

Navigation Aids

Leading lights that are installed in dangerous passes outside Port Victoria were serviced and maintained in the second quarter of the year. These lights which are fitted on floating buoys are placed in dangerous access channels supported by heavy concrete sinkers which act as moorings. Their principal aim is to guide fishermen to negotiate access safer to and from fishing grounds.

 

Information Services

The Documentation Centre and its objectives

The Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA) Documentation Centre was created in 1989. The main objectives of our information services are:

  • To support the scientific, technical and management activities of the organization.
  • To create a holding of materials related to fisheries and marine resources in the Seychelles, the Indian Ocean Region and internationally.
  • To manage, preserve and retrieve all such information as and when required so as to assist in the progress of research development.
  • To encourage the inter-regional exchange of all fisheries and marine related literature and information between experts, SFA staff and any other overseas fisheries institutions or bodies.
  • To preserve books, materials and information for future generations.
  • To manage and distribute all SFA's publications.

Collections

The Documentation Centre has a collection of books, serials, journals, maps, charts, posters, photos, videos, CD ROMs and grey literature. It covers a wide range of subjects including aquaculture, marine research, fisheries statistics, marine resources, fisheries technology, scientific expedition, legislation, oceanography, processing of marine products, fisheries management etc.

The collection also includes publication of other international organisations concerned with fisheries and marine environment such as FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation), UNEP (United Nation Environment Programme), ICCAT (International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas), IOC (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission) SPC (Secretariat of the Pacific Community) etc.

The unique part however, is the collection on the Seychelles Fisheries and to a lesser extent other countries of the region.

Electronic Library Management Systems

Computerization of the library catalogues started in 1991 using the CDS/ISIS software which was donated by UNESCO-IOC We started by selecting literature of direct relevance to the Seychelles. In 2002 UNESCO provided SFA with the INMAGIC DB/Text Work and the conversion of the CDS/ISIS database to INMAGIC was completed the same year

From the support from UNESCO-IOC through the ODINAFRICA project, in 2012 the AgriOcean DSpace software which provides basic functionalities that are required by small libraries for cataloguing was successfully installed and operational at SFA. AgriOcean DSpace facilitates access to SFA publications and other reports related to marine resources of Seychelles.

Users

The Documentation Centre supports the staff of SFA in the scientific, technical and management activities of the organization. In addition the Centre also supports Government agencies, the private sector, Marine/Environmental NGOs, Students, teachers and general publics which seeking information on marine and fisheries related topics. At present Maritime Training Center students and teachers are the largest and most popular external users which are using the centre but above all the centre is open to all those interested in fisheries and related subjects.

 

 

Human Resources and Administration

Human Resources Unit

Human Resources Division

Human Resources Section is responsible to identify human resource needs of the SFA and carry out staff evaluation as per their performance targets. Established and identify training needs and opportunities and develop performance measure to evaluate progress.

It also is responsible for the salary administration, all disciplinary matters and act as an advisory hub for the organization on issues relating to staff welfare and other matters affecting the organization.

 

Training and Development

Internship Division

The SFA continues to emphasis on staff development and thus does its utmost to train staff in order to achieve the organizational objectives and goals. Trainings and workshops varies from local to international, short to long courses. Staff also attends in-house trainings and workshops.

The Training Policy has been completed and is being implemented. This training policy is to guide staff about training and development in general and it is implemented alongside the Training Plan.

We have introduced IDP files (Individual Development Performance) for each staff member whereby the stages of their development are followed.

There are presently 5 staff attending long term courses overseas; 10 staff attended local and 10 attended international short courses/workshops in-house as well as external venues during the 2012.

Emphasis will be made for more technical staff to be trained to attain higher qualifications. (BSc with Honors/Masters Degrees). Those not meeting requirements for entry to university will follow adhocs trainings available to meet university requirements.

Our objectives are:

  • To have a dynamic workforce with multitude of skills that will help in the growth of the organization
  • To equip them with necessary skills knowledge and qualification
  • To assist them in developing their own development plan to harness their full potential.

Administration and Support Services Unit

The role of the Administration and Support Services Unit is to provide professional administrative guidance and support to the SFA and provide other innovative public service specifically personnel activities aimed at improving the effectiveness of the employees in attaining organizational objectives.

 

Our objectives are:

  • To provide the organization with effective administrative support and ensuring that appropriate services and resources are made available to the organization
  • To establish and maintain appropriate services relating to the welfare, safety and health of employees
  • Monitor the fleet of transport of Seychelles Fishing Authority and ensure that they are in road worthy condition.

 

Development and Assessment

Product development Division

The Development and Assessment unit is responsible for the development and promotion of seafood processing in Seychelles, particularly value addition in fish processing.

The main role of the Development and Assessment unit are:

  • Providing technical and consultancy assistance in fish processing to potential investors
  • Constructing necessary infrastructure and facilities for product development and processing
  • Attracting additional investment in processing facilities other than canning
  • Promoting Seychelles fish products through our eco labeling project
  • Developing the local markets through onshore investment in other sectors especially tourism
  • Well equipped laboratory with qualified staff in the field of product development, food hygiene, quality control....

The main objectives of the Unit are:

  • Guaranteed supply of high quality fresh fish
  • Increased traffic in the ports resulting in increased fuel sales, port handling & other activities
  • Increased and improved cold storage facilities for processing plants
  • New innovative seafood products: fish burgers, kebabs, croquette, marinated products and other snacks

 

 

Monitoring Control

Monitoring Division

The Monitoring Control and surveillance (MCS) Section is comprised of two sub-units. These are: The Monitoring and Control Unit and the Enforcement Unit.

The Monitoring and Control Unit is composed of the Fisheries Monitoring Centre (FMC) and the Fisheries Control Unit.

The Fisheries Monitoring Centre (FMC) deals with the compliance of all fishing vessel's reporting requirements, Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), validation of statistical documents for ICCAT, IOTC, EU and Non-EU catch certificates. The Fisheries Control Unit is responsible for the processing of fishing licences.

 

 

Enforcement DivisionThe Enforcement Unit carries out all inspectorate duties with regards to port state inspection, land inspection, sea and air surveillance duties pertaining to national and regional requirements.

 

The main objectives of MCS Section include:

  • To ensure compliance to the fisheries Act and regulations, Fisheries agreement and protocols;
  • To provide supports to local partners such as the Seychelles Coastguard (SCG) and the National Drug Enforcement Agency (NDEA);
  • To work with countries of the region to improve MCS implementation in a regional effort to eliminate IUU fishing activities;
  • To ensure compliance to the Licensing Act and Regulations;
  • To ensure compliance to international legal framework plus the IOTC resolutions that has been endorsed by the Seychelles.

Fisheries Surveillance

This is an area that is lacking in both manpower and equipment but on the other hand there have been major improvements in terms of sea patrol and port state control. Land based monitoring and port state control remains an area that needs to be reviewed as well as the type of inspection.

In the framework of the regional fisheries surveillance programme, SFA inspectors have had training in the field of inspection at sea, radio telecommunication, and procedures for safety at sea. Compliance observer training and port state inspections are areas that have been targeted for future training.

Port state control

Port state control has been one of the strong points of Seychelles even before the creation of the MCS section. Despite this fact the overall approach to port state control was reviewed in 2009, concentrating on an investigative rather than an informative approach. The results have been positive since several infractions have since been detected. The results have been positive since then with detection of infractions and in one case it resulted the capturing of the Sri Lankan flag fishing vessel Lucky Too in 2012. The vessel was fined SCR 100,000.00.

Nevertheless, there is still a need to improve port state inspection so that it can be brought in line with the requirements of the FAO Port State Measure (PSM) and the IOTC PSM resolution.

Table 1. Number of fishing vessels inspected in Port Victoria by country and type of vessel for 2012

2012
2012 2012 2012 2012 2012
Flag Purse Seiner Long Liner Supply Vessel Others
Page Details Total Visitors Page Details Total Visitors Total Visitors

 

Land patrol

Land patrols targets mainly landing sites around the three main islands: Mahe, Praslin and La Digue. The mains purpose of land patrols are:

  • Inspections of boats upon licence application;
  • Inspection with regards to fuel claims;
  • Inspection of sea cucumber landing at authorised landing sites;
  • Inspection at point of export of sea cucumber;
  • Monitoring of the Lobster fishery;
  • Investigation on report of illegal activities;
  • Periodic inspection at beach landing sites.

Regional fisheries surveillance

The Regional Fisheries Surveillance Project (RFSP) financed by the EU and other member states under the management of the IOC was extended for another year in 2011. Another three year extension has also been proposed for the coming years.

Twenty nine regional patrols have been planned since November 2007 up to November 2011, covering all jurisdictions of the Indian Ocean Commission member states.

With the implementation of the RFSP and the allocation of a budget financed by the Seychelles Government for joint fisheries and piracy patrol, Seychelles has improved its efficiency in the surveillance of its EEZ, as illustrated in table 3. For 2012 there was no patrol conducted due patrol vessel and Aircraft availability. All fisheries patrols were postponed for 2013.

Piracy

With the increase in the threat of piracy since early 2009, the numbers of industrial fishing vessels taking licences have been drastically reduced. The number of industrial fishing vessel licences decreased from 140 licences in 2008, to 130 licences in 2009, to 89 licences in 2010 and slowly started too increased in 2011 to 100 licences. But in 2012 there was a large increase in licence application, the number rises to 207 licences.

Regional MCS effort

Two main regional MCS projects are ongoing in the region. These are: The establishment of the SADC Regional MCS Centre based in Maputo, Mozambique and the MCS component of the EU 10th European Development Fund (EDF) for the ESA-IO countries. The MCS component financed under the EDF has now been named the Smart Fish Project.

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