The Monitoring Control and surveillance (MCS) Section is comprised of two sub-units. These are: The Monitoring and Control Unit and the Enforcement Unit.

The Monitoring and Control Unit is composed of the Fisheries Monitoring Centre (FMC) and the Fisheries Control Unit.

The Fisheries Monitoring Centre (FMC) deals with the compliance of all fishing vessel's reporting requirements, Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), validation of statistical documents for ICCAT, IOTC, EU and Non-EU catch certificates. The Fisheries Control Unit is responsible for the processing of fishing licences.

The Enforcement Unit carries out all inspectorate duties with regards to port state inspection, land inspection, sea and air surveillance duties pertaining to national and regional requirements.

The main objectives of MCS Section include:

  •      To ensure compliance to the fisheries Act and regulations, Fisheries agreement and protocols;

  •      To provide supports to local partners such as the Seychelles Coastguard (SCG) and the National Drug Enforcement Agency (NDEA);

  •    To work with countries of the region to improve MCS implementation in a regional effort to eliminate IUU fishing activities;

  •      To ensure compliance to the Licensing Act and Regulations;

  •      To ensure compliance to international legal framework plus the IOTC resolutions that has been endorsed by the Seychelles.

Fisheries Surveillance

This is an area that is lacking in both manpower and equipment but on the other hand there have been major improvements in terms of sea patrol and port state control. Land based monitoring and port state control remains an area that needs to be reviewed as well as the type of inspection.

In the framework of the regional fisheries surveillance programme, SFA inspectors have had training in the field of inspection at sea, radio telecommunication, and procedures for safety at sea. Compliance observer training and port state inspections are areas that have been targeted for future training.

Port state control

Port state control has been one of the strong points of Seychelles even before the creation of the MCS section. Despite this fact the overall approach to port state control was reviewed in 2009, concentrating on an investigative rather than an informative approach. The results have been positive since several infractions have since been detected. The results have been positive since then with detection of infractions and in one case it resulted the capturing of the Sri Lankan flag fishing vessel Lucky Too in 2012. The vessel was fined SCR 100,000.00.

Nevertheless, there is still a need to improve port state inspection so that it can be brought in line with the requirements of the FAO Port State Measure (PSM) and the IOTC PSM resolution.

Table 1. Number of fishing vessels inspected in Port Victoria by country and type of vessel for 2012

 

2012

2012

2012

2012

2012

2012

Flag

Purse Seiner

Long Liner

Supply Vessel

Others

Page Details

Total Visitors

Page Details

Total Visitors

Total Visitors

 

Land patrol

Land patrols targets mainly landing sites around the three main islands: Mahe, Praslin and La Digue. The mains purpose of land patrols are:

·     Inspections of boats upon licence application;

·     Inspection with regards to fuel claims;

·     Inspection of sea cucumber landing at authorised landing sites;

·     Inspection at point of export of sea cucumber;

·     Monitoring of the Lobster fishery;

·     Investigation on report of illegal activities;

·     Periodic inspection at beach landing sites.

 

Regional Fisheries Surveillance

The Regional Fisheries Surveillance Project (RFSP) financed by the EU and other member states under the management of the IOC was extended for another year in 2011. Another three year extension has also been proposed for the coming years.

Twenty nine regional patrols have been planned since November 2007 up to November 2011, covering all jurisdictions of the Indian Ocean Commission member states.

With the implementation of the RFSP and the allocation of a budget financed by the Seychelles Government for joint fisheries and piracy patrol, Seychelles has improved its efficiency in the surveillance of its EEZ, as illustrated in table 3. For 2012 there was no patrol conducted due patrol vessel and Aircraft availability. All fisheries patrols were postponed for 2013.

Piracy

With the increase in the threat of piracy since early 2009, the numbers of industrial fishing vessels taking licences have been drastically reduced. The number of industrial fishing vessel licences decreased from 140 licences in 2008, to 130 licences in 2009, to 89 licences in 2010 and slowly started too increased in 2011 to 100 licences. But in 2012 there was a large increase in licence application, the number rises to 207 licences.

Regional MCS effort

Two main regional MCS projects are ongoing in the region. These are: The establishment of the SADC Regional MCS Centre based in Maputo, Mozambique and the MCS component of the EU 10th European Development Fund (EDF) for the ESA-IO countries. The MCS component financed under the EDF has now been named the Smart Fish Project.